What instruction is given to children?
What promise is connected with that commandment?
What instruction is given to fathers? What are they supposed to avoid and what are they to do instead?
These verses focus on the parent/child relationship. (The Greek word here means “fathers”, but the principles apply to mothers as well.) Children are instructed to honor their parents, in accordance with the fifth commandment, which includes obedience. Parents, on the other hand, are commanded to “bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord”, avoiding exasperating or embittering (Col. 3:21) their children. The goal is to find the kinds of instruction and discipline which help children honor and obey their parents, while not embittering them at the same time. Certainly, following these instructions takes a great deal of wisdom and patience.
If you are a parent: Ask the Lord for wisdom and strength to carry out your duty to your children. If you know you have embittered your child and need to ask for forgiveness, do so.
If you are a child, even grown: Ask the Lord to help you honor your parents.